Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer
Cancer of the womb (uterine or endometrial cancer) begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer.
It’s more common in women who have been through the menopause
Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer may include:
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
- Light bleeding and a watery discharge, which may get heavier over time
- Pain in the back, legs or pelvis
It’s not known exactly what causes womb cancer. What’s known is that something occurs to create a genetic mutation within cells in the endometrium — the lining of the uterus.
A number of things can increase your risk of developing the condition:
- Older age
- Changes in the balance of female hormones in the body
- Never having been pregnant
- Being overweight or obese
- High levels of insulin
Treatment depends on the age and general health of the woman with endometrial cancer, and the grade and stage of the tumor.
A physician will discuss options and possible adverse effects with the person who is about to receive treatment.
The options include:
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy.