World Gynecologic Oncology Day/September 20th


Gynecologic or reproductive cancers include cervical, ovarian, uterine (endometrial), vaginal, and vulvar cancers

There is no way to know for sure if you will get a gynecologic cancer. If you pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you, you can recognize the warning signs or symptoms of gynecologic cancer.

Make sure to speak with your doctor if you are noticing any of the following symptoms:

Unusual bleeding between periods, after sex, or after menopause

There are several benign reasons you might bleed. But it can also be a warning signs of uterine, ovarian or vaginal cancer. If you experience unusual bleeding, it is best to talk with your doctor.

Vaginal discharge

Usually, vaginal discharge is normal when it is clear or milky color with light smell. However, if you have vaginal discharge that is dark, is bloody, or has an unpleasant odor, you should talk to your doctor.

Pain in your pelvic area, abdomen, or back

If you have persistent pain or discomfort in your pelvic area, abdomen or back, you should see your doctor. If the pain lasts for more than a few weeks, it could indicate ovarian or uterine cancer and it is time to talk to your doctor.


You may feel bloated during your period and this feeling goes away after you get it. When bloating is persistent or makes you feel full after eating a few bites of your dinner, it could indicate ovarian cancer.

A frequent need to urinate

If you suddenly feel as if you need to urinate more often than before without an explanation, it could mean that there is extra pressure on your bladder and be an early warning sign of ovarian cancer.

Skin changes, such as color changes or thickening, in your vulva

The vulva is the outer part of the female genitals. Lumps, bumps, spots, sores, rough patches, or a darkening of the skin on your vulva can be signs of vulvar cancer and you should see your doctor as soon as possible.

Changes in menstruation

It you notice that you are having heavier periods, tell your doctor to make sure it is not a warning sign of cancer. Endometrial (uterine) cancer can cause heavy periods.

Itching, burning or pain when urinating

Itching, burning, or pain when urinating can be signs of vulvar cancer.


If you feel tired for several weeks, even after getting a good night’s sleep, it could signal that something is going wrong. While fatigue can indicate many other health problems, it also can be an early warning sign of cancer.

Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
Feeling full too quickly or difficulty eating
Pelvic pain or pressure
More frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation
Abdominal or back pain
Itching, burning, pain or tenderness of the vulva
Changes in vulva color or skin, such as a rash, sores or warts